Description: Rethinking Reuse
Just as location is a key component to real estate and business sales, location is key to implementing cost-effective water reuse in areas where water is plentiful. A water reuse customer’s proximity to the utilities’ water resource recovery facilities (WRRFs) is an important consideration. In general, the closer the potential reuse customer to the WRRF, the more economical the...
PublisherWater Environment Federation
Word count96
Description: Rethinking Reuse
A plentiful water supply does not necessarily mean potable drinking water treatment capacity will suffice in the future. Typically, potable water treatment facilities are sized to meet peak water demand to ensure communities always have water during drought conditions. Industrial source water, on the other hand, relies on wells that are under capacity or in need of repair — or where the...
PublisherWater Environment Federation
Word count146
Description: Rethinking Reuse
In water-rich areas, large industrial users, such as power generation stations and data centers are strong candidates for water reuse. Industry acceptance of reuse water requires a working relationship between utilities and these water users, including an understanding of industrial water quality needs. The table above exemplifies the water quality needs of one type of industrial user. Gathering...
PublisherWater Environment Federation
Word count88
Description: Rethinking Reuse
The optimal treatment approach will vary with the quality of reuse water requested by potential customers and the location of those customers relative to the location of the utility’s existing WRRF. It is important to minimize the cost of reuse distribution systems as well as reuse treatment facilities. The first approach may be to consider filtration and high-level disinfection,...
PublisherWater Environment Federation
Word count173
Description: Rethinking Reuse
Implementation of a reuse program would reduce the amount of water being discharged to receiving streams; therefore, providing loading capacity that might be available to allow for the implementation of nutrient trading.
PublisherWater Environment Federation
Word count113
Description: Rethinking Reuse
For some reuse customers, the thermal value of the water could affect the decision to use recycled water. This thermal value may result in a net energy savings for industrial users who must heat or cool existing water supplies for production processes.
PublisherWater Environment Federation
Word count44
Description: Rethinking Reuse
If a utility has installed the processes, such as MF and RO, needed to meet the water quality needs for a cooling tower, the water quality from the reuse facility may be at or better than that of the current community water supply. As part of a reuse analysis, the economics of both indirect potable reuse through water reservoir augmentation and direct potable reuse may be investigated for future...
PublisherWater Environment Federation
Word count512